What are the differences between Bengal Tigers and Siberian Tigers in Physical?

They are very similar.

Both belong to the species Panthera Thigris, the Bengal tiger is known by its scientific name Panthera Tigris Tigris while the Siberian tiger for its part is called by its scientific name Panthera Tigris Altaica. At first sight they are very similar animals, but they have very marked differences.

If you are not an animal expert or you are not well documented, you can confuse them very easily. That is why in ExpertoAnimal we want to share with you the differences of these two animals; Ranging from the place where they live, their food and their adaptation to the environment among others.

Continue reading and also discover some curiosities of these beautiful animals, which are positioned as the largest cats in the world. Do not wait any longer and look at the differences between the Bengal tiger and the Siberian tiger.

The general idea that we have of the tonality of a tiger is orange-yellow / orange-reddish / reddish-yellow ... with black vertical stripes.

But due to the existence of different subspecies this color can vary, remaining constant in each and every one of these types the dark stripes of his body.

Even so, there are 2 different patterns in the tiger: as the black color (it replaces the reddish yellow tones by darker tones pulling blackish tones) and white (in which the bottom of its mantle is totally white).

In the tiger family we highlight several subspecies: the Bengal Tiger, the Indochina Tiger, the Java Tiger, the Sumatran Tiger, the Chinese Tiger, the Caspian Tiger, and the Siberian Tiger. But of all of them are the tiger of Siberia and the one of Bengal the main ones being the tiger of the Caspian, the one of Java and the tiger of Bali already extinguished.

Much has been said about the Siberian tiger, the white tiger and the relationship that is forged between them. Comments like the white tiger and the siberian tiger are the same since the white tiger comes from such a region, that the white tiger has nothing to do with that of Siberia since these animals inhabit the leafy jungles of India, which The specimens of white tiger are albino animals ... are some examples.

The most obvious is that white tigers (also called royal tiger for assigning their skin real powers) appear by a genetic alteration that eliminates the coloration in their mantle.

They are a variant of the Bengal tiger and come from parents who consist of a recessive gene which gives them that white coloration so striking and distinguished. Something that makes them even more beautiful is their characteristic blue or green color.

There are no data of white tigers in Siberia and most felines of this type that humans have contemplated have been found in India. It was precisely there, in the principality of Rewa, that in 1951 a Maharaja observed the first white tiger.

The white tiger is in serious danger of extinction calculating about 210 tigers around the world. And most of them are known to exert a mere inert showcase in zoos.

Depending on the areas where the tigers live, they have one or another coloration that takes on different shades within the typical orange-yellow color. Like the size it varies depending on the environments by which it must survive.

This is how we see the difference in size and color between the tigers found in the closed jungle and the northern, mountain or plateau tigers. They are the first smaller and seemingly lighter to be able to move easily in a medium difficult to access dense vegetation and requires great agility. Its orange-red color combined with a perfect design of its known vertical black stripes, which provides a perfect mimicry to take advantage of the variations of shadows, darkness and rays of light that cross reeds and bamboo canes so frequent in this region.

Tigers from more northern areas, unlike island tigers for example, are larger, heavier and with lighter tones and without being so scratched. They have a long and hard coat that protects them from the cold temperatures. Extreme cold can withstand temperatures of 20 degrees Celsius below zero.

The Siberian tiger as we discussed above, is a subspecies of tiger next to others like the tiger of Bengal or the one of Java.

The Siberian tiger can reach between 315-360 kg in weight and a length of 3 meters without including the tail that measures 69-95 centimeters and its mantle is a light orange color without being as dark as that of Bengal. Thanks to its dense coat it is able to resist stoically the difficult temperatures of 20 degrees Celsius below zero. In contrast, the Bengal tiger that inhabits the dark junks of reeds is smaller than its northern relative. This feline from the forests of southeast Asia and central and southern India can weigh up to 260 kilograms and reach a maximum length of 3 including the tail and has a more intense tones than the Siberian.

Another variety would be the Sumatran tiger being smaller than that of Bengal and of course the Siberian tiger.

For all this we can say that the Siberian tiger is the largest subspecies and feline in the world.

The territory of the Siberian tiger once housed from Lake Baikal in Siberia to China and South Korea and from Mongolia to the Pacific Ocean. Sadly today, this fascinating animal can only be found in a small area of ​​south-east Russia.

There are less than 400 individuals who live in freedom and more and more are the individuals who, surpassing the number of wild individuals, dedicate their lives to the mere inert showcase of zoos.

The main causes of its severe danger of extinction are the indiscriminate felling of trees of the Taiga (shelter of the siberian tiger) and poaching for its skin, bones, claws ...

Let's hope it does not happen as with so many other species (such as the magnificent Caspian tiger or the Bali tiger) that are a vain memory or ... that hardly even come to that since we could never contemplate and admire them.


In terms of behavior and diet, the tigers are similar. Both are solitary animals with large territories. Both are  carnivorous and hunt by stalking their prey. Their diet does differ in specific types of prey, which is a direct result of where they live. Siberian tiger eat deer and forest animals, while Bengal tigers eat wild pigs and other species that inhabit south Asian Jungles.

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